Is the phrase "sitting on the right hand of God" literal?
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(All quotations from the King James translation unless stated otherwise).
Your conclusion is perfectly correct. The Bible reveals nothing to the contrary.
No other man has ever ascended to heaven.
John 3:13 And no man hath ascended up to heaven...
The angels stand in the presence of God.
Luke 1:19... I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God;
God makes plain that there is no other God beside him.
Isaiah 45:18 For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else... 21... there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me.
The kingdom of God is to be established on the earth when Christ returns from God’s right hand.
Acts 1:11... this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
Acts 2:34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
Acts 3:19 Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord; 20 And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: 21 Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.
Jesus is to rule the earth from the throne of his father David.
Luke 1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
Psalms 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. 8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. 9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel. 10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. 11 Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. 12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.
The fulfilment of Psalm 2 began when Jesus was raised from the dead.
Acts 13:33 God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.
The rest will be fulfilled when he returns to the earth.
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I hope you have found this helpful.
May God bless you,