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The Bible is silent about the Essenes and so we have no definitive answer for you. Because Jesus and, later, his brother James and the other disciples too the gospel far and wide among the people of all classes and origins, one must conclude that they were not Essenes and probably not much influenced by them. The Essenes were a strongly separatist group within Judaism and were very focused on ritual purity. Jesus and his disciples emphasized spiritual purity and not that of the ritualized cleasnings of the law and tradition.
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