Understanding through reading and study.
Thank you for your question.
The disciples had the same problem
Mark 4:1 And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land. 2 And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, 3 Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: 4 And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. 5 And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: 6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. 7 And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. 8 And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred. 9 And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. 10 And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable. 11 And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables: 12 That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them. 13 And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?
Christ then goes on to explain the meaning of the parable.
If we begin with the parables that Christ gives the explanation for and understand them, we can extend what we learn to the parables that are not explained.
Below is a list of Parables compiled by David Brown of Jamieson, Fausset and Brown fame.
Begin with the parable of the sower and work on from there.
|PARABLES||WHERE SPOKEN||WHERE RECORDED|
|The two debtors||[Capernaum]||Lu 7:40-43.|
|The strong man armed||Galilee||Mt 12:29; Mr 3:27; Lu 11:21, 22.|
|The unclean spirit||Galilee||Mt 12:43-45; Lu 11:24-26.|
|The sower||Seashore of Galilee||Mt 13:3-9, 18-23; Mr 4:3-9, 14-20; Lu 8:5-8, 11-15.|
|The tares and wheat||Seashore of Galilee||Mt 13:24-30, 36-43.|
|The mustard seed||Seashore of Galilee||
Mt 13:31, 32; Mr 4:30-32;
Lu 13:18, 19.
|The seed growing secretly||Seashore of Galilee||Mr 4:26-29.|
|The leaven||Seashore of Galilee||Mt 13:33; Lu 13:20, 21.|
|The hid treasure||Seashore of Galilee||Mt 13:44.|
|The pearl of great price||Seashore of Galilee||Mt 13:45, 46.|
|The draw net||Seashore of Galilee||Mt 13:47-50.|
|The unmerciful servant||Capernaum||Mt 18:21-35.|
|The good Samaritan||Near Jerusalem||Lu 10:29-37.|
|The friend at midnight||Near Jerusalem||Lu 11:5-8.|
|The rich fool||Galilee||Lu 12:16-21.|
|The barren fig tree||Galilee||Lu 13:6-9.|
|The great supper||Perea||Lu 14:15-24.|
|The lost sheep||Perea||Mt 18:12-14; Lu 15:3-7.|
|The lost piece of money||Perea||Lu 15:8-10.|
|The prodigal son||Perea||Lu 15:11-32.|
|The good shepherd||Jerusalem||Joh 10:1-18.|
|The unjust steward||Perea||Lu 16:1-8.|
|The rich man and Lazarus||Perea||Lu 16:19-31.|
|The profitable servants||Perea||Lu 17:7-10.|
|The importunate widow||Perea||Lu 18:1-8.|
|The Pharisees and publicans||Perea||Lu 18:9-14.|
|The labourers in the vineyard||Perea||Mt 20:1-16.|
|The pounds||Jericho||Lu 19:11-27.|
|The two sons||Jerusalem||Mt 21:28-32.|
|The wicked husbandmen||Jerusalem||Mt 21:33-44; Mr 12:1-12; Lu 20:9-18.|
|The marriage of the king's son||Jerusalem||Mt 22:1-14.|
|The ten virgins||Mount of Olives||Mt 25:1-13.|
|The talents||Mount of Olives||Mt 25:14-30.|
If you still have difficulty understanding a particular parable, feel free to submit a further question.
I hope this helps
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