Bible Questions and Answers

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Abib was the first month of the ancient Hebrew calendar.

Abib means literally ‘ear of grain’.

It was the month that Israel came out of Egypt.

Exodus 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

Exodus 13:4 This day came ye out in the month Abib.

Deuteronomy 16:1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Abib was renamed Nisan after the Babylonian Captivity.

Esther 3:7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus…

Because the Jewish year is lunar/solar, Nisan (Abib) begins on different Gregorian Calendar dates each year.

Remember also that the Jewish day begins at sundown, not midnight.

Below is a comparison table for this year (2016).

Jewish Calendar Year 5776

Gregorian Calendar Year 2016/17


1 Nisan (Abib)

April 9 to May 8

2 lyyar (Zif)

May 9 to June 6

3 Sivan

June 7 to July 6

4 Tamuz

July 7 to August 4

5 Av

August 5 to September 3

6 Elul

September4 to October 2

7 Tishri (Ethanim)

October 3 to November 1

8 Marcheshvan (Bul)

November 2 to November 30

9 Kislev

December 1 to December 29

10 Tevet

December 30 to January 27

11 Shevat

January 28 to February 26

12 Adar

February 27 to March 27

Go here for date conversion to determine when Nisan begins and ends in other years:

Observation of the Passover on the 14th day of Abib was part of the Old Covenant made with Israel at Sinai.

This Covenant been superseded by the New Covenant in Jesus Christ who was the sacrifice to whom the Passover Lamb pointed forward.

1 Corinthians 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

Israel failed to keep the Covenant and so God has made a new Covenant through his Son.

Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32  Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: 33  But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

The writer to the Hebrews explains:

Hebrews 8:6 But now hath he (Jesus Christ) obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. 8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: 9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. 10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: 11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. 12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. 13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

When the Temple was destroyed in AD 70, the Old Covenant could no longer be observed.

The Old Covenant convicted men and women of sin and condemned them to death, because none could keep it.

Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. 12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. 13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: 14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

The New Covenant promises forgiveness of sin and resurrection to eternal life through faith in Jesus Christ.

Jesus Christ is the Messiah and Redeemer promised in the Old Testament.

Salvation is not possible by keeping the Law of Moses.

Salvation is only possible by believing and obeying the gospel preached by Jesus Christ.

Mark 16:15… Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. 16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned (condemned).

Christ was the prophet promised by God.

Deuteronomy 18:18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. 19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.

Acts 3:22 For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. 23 And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.

He is the only way of salvation.

Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

May I suggest that you read ‘A New Start’ here:

I hope you find this helpful.

God bless,