Who is king David? Why is he so important in the Bible narrative?
David was the great-great grandson of Ruth. Ruth 4:13-22
He was chosen of God to be the king of Israel and God sent Samuel, the prophet, to anoint him.
1 Samuel 16:13
David was chosen by God to replace king Saul (the first king of Israel) who consistently disobeyed God.
David killed Goliath whist still teenager. Saul at first took David to help him fight the Philistines, but he became so successful that Saul envied him and then tried to kill him.
David became a fugitive until Saul was eventually killed by the Philistines.
David was then made king, firstly of the tribe of Judah and then the whole of Israel.
God told Saul that David was a man ‘after God’s own heart.’
1 Samuel 13:14
God made promises to David concerning a special descendant of his who would establish the kingdom of David forever.
1 Chronicles 17:11-14
This promised descendant is Jesus Christ.
The angel Gabriel told Mary (Jesus’ mother – descendant of David): Luke 1:30-33
Matthew begins his Gospel: Matthew 1:1
Jesus will restore the kingdom of David as the kingdom of God upon the earth when he returns from heaven.
David through the Holy Spirit writes: Psalms 110:1
Which Jesus confirms: Matthew 22:44
Jesus is David’s lord because God was his Father.
Isaiah prophesies of this time: Isaiah 9:6,7
David, with the faithful of all ages, will be raised from the dead to eternal life in this kingdom. John 6:40
David writes of this day: Psalms 17:15
I hope you find this helpful.