1 Samuel 2:1 And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation.
Hannah had been a subject of reproach because she was barren. Now God had taken away her reproach by giving her the son she asked for. More than that, she understands and rejoices in God’s promise of salvation from sin and death.
2 There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock like our God.
God is Holy and steadfast and is the only God
3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
Pride is abased. God knows the hearts of men and will bring them into judgment.
4 The bows of the mighty men are broken, and they that stumbled are girded with strength.
The outcome of war is determined by God so that the weak are able to overcome the mighty.
5 They that were full have hired out themselves for bread; and they that were hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.
God is able both to impoverish and to provide food for the hungry. He is able to increase fertility and weaken those that have many offspring.
6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.
We die because we are condemned by God for our sins; but God is able to make us alive again by resurrection from the dead.
7 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up.
God is able make us poor or rich, to abase us or lift us to honour. We can be poor in material things but rich in spiritual understanding.
8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORD’S, and he hath set the world upon them.
In the purpose of God, the poor who are reduced to begging in this life can be raised to positions of authority in the kingdom of God. The whole creation is God’s and stands firm in his purpose.
9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.
God preserves his saints – those who believe and obey him. The wicked will die and perish forever. Strength in this life won’t save us.
10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.
None can withstand God. On more than one occasion he has used thunder to put fear into armies. Thunder also represents his divine decrees. At the appointed time God will judge the inhabitants of the earth and establish his anointed king to reign over it.
Hannah’s prayer in clearly inspired and contains prophecy which culminates in the establishment of the kingdom of God upon earth. God’s king is Jesus Christ who will judge this world in righteousness and establish the kingdom of God.
Acts 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.
I hope this helps.